Sikkim is a state in East India in the Himalayan foot hills also bordering China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan.The name has been coined from the words 'Su','Him'i.e. beautiful home.Though it should be better named by abode of nature.The snow covered mountains & lush green valleys not only invigorates one's soul,it also leaves the spectators bewildered by the extravaganza of its natural beauty. Nearly 40% of the total area is forested.
The state official language of Sikkim is Nepali, which is also the primary language of most locals. Many other languages such as Dzongkha and Tibetan are also spoken by smaller numbers. However, Hindi is also widely spoken as a second language, and all educated people are able to speak English.
The state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and a monsoon season between June and September. Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. The average annual temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 °C (64 °F). Sikkim is one of the few states in India to receive regular snowfall. The snow line ranges from 6,100 metres (20,000 ft) in the south of the state to 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) in the north. The tundra-type region in the north is snowbound for four months every year, and the temperature drops below 0 °C (32 °F) almost every night. In north-western Sikkim, the peaks are frozen year-round; because of the high altitude, temperatures in the mountains can drop to as low as −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter. During the monsoon, heavy rains increase the risk of landslides. The record for the longest period of continuous rain in Sikkim is 11 days. Fog affects many parts of the state during winter and the monsoons, making transportation perilous.
Most travel in Sikkim is done by bus or jeep on road. Trekking is also a popular option. It is better to contact a travel agent in NJP or Siliguri who will provide food, lodging, travelling, permits, but beware of the touts roaming in the station or bus stand. They will lead you to a travel agent and will obtain a commission of 15% of your whole travel package. As a result your package rate will be increased. Instead after reaching NJP or Siliguri, try to contact a travel agent by yourself. Many agencies are there and the hospitality is quite the same. Don't forget to bargain. The travel agent at first demands a very high price. If you are not satisfied with his package, don´t hesitate to step out and look for another agent. An economic package including Lachen, Lachung, Yamthang, Nathula, Baba Mandir, Changu lake, Gangtok local site seeing will cost around 5000 rupees.